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  • Rohit shankar Mane

How to Write Research Paper ???????

1. Title

The title should be brief and appropriate for the content, informative and clear.

If the work is of interest in a limited area of research, indicate it in the title.

It should be in a single phase, with proper capitalization and correct grammar and free from abbreviations.

"Physiology of Endophytic Aspergillus nomius Isolated from Aloe vera Western Ghats of Karnataka India"

Affiliations should be given by author names and designations by mentioning corresponding author[*].

It also contains the institute address, city name, State name and country name.

2. Abstract

The abstract concisely states the objectives and scope of research.

It should be summarizes the results and principal conclusion gained in your research work.

A well-written abstract, together with the title, enables potential readers to determine whether your paper is interesting and worth reading in full.

Abstracts must be concise, generally presented as one 2 paragraph.

The length should not exceed 150 words for regular papers, 100 words short papers.

Avoid : Reference citations: Table and figure names: Abbreviations

Key Words: Should be Unique, Related to content, easily accessible on online search

3. Introduction

Follow a general-to-specific writing pattern.

Start by providing background information that orientates the reader to the research’s general socio-political, historical, scientific, and educational contexts (whichever is most relevant)

Perhaps include a theoretical, personal, or policy-based motivation for the research as a starting point.

Attempt to persuade, inform or indicate to the reader of the need for the research.

This is an attempt to convince the reader that the research will be useful, interesting, or significant for the academic community, and may be suggestive of the research ‘gap’ which arises from the following literature review.

4. Review of Literature

Demonstrate to your readers that you have read enough to show that you are aware of who the most significant writers or researchers are in your area of research

Specify which issues or concepts you will concentrate on in your review.

Show that you can exercise critical judgment in selecting which issues to focus on and which to ignore

Show that you can take a critical approach to your area of research

Argue for the validity of your area of research in terms of its need to address a ‘gap’

Establish the theoretical orientation you are planning to take topic.

5. Materials and Methods

The Methods section provides sufficient detail of theoretical and experimental methods and materials used in your research work so that any reader would be able to repeat your research work and reproduce the results.

Be precise, complete and concise: include only relevant information.

For example, provide a reference for a particular technique instead of describing all the details.

6. Results and discussion

The Results section presents the facts, findings of the study, by effectively using figures and tables.

This section must present the results clearly and logically to highlight potential implications.

Combine the use of text, tables, and figures to digest and condense the data, and highlight important trends and extract relationships among different data items.

Figures must be well designed, clear, and easy to read.

Figure captions should be succinct yet provide sufficient information to understand the figures without reference to the text.

In the Discussion section, present your interpretation and conclusions gained from your findings.

You can discuss how your findings compare with other experimental observations or theoretical expectations.

Refer to your characteristic results described in the Results section to support your discussion, since your interpretation and conclusion must be based on evidence.

By properly structuring this discussion, you can show how your results can solve the current problems and how they relate to the research objectives that you have described in the Introduction section.

This is your chance to clearly demonstrate the novelty and importance of your research work.

7. Conclusion and Acknowledgments

The Conclusion section summarizes the important results and impact of the research work. Future work plans may be included if they are beneficial to readers.

The Acknowledgments section is to recognize financial support from funding bodies and scientific and technical contributions that you have received during your research work. hey are beneficial to readers.

8. References

(Also known as “Works Cited,” “References,” or “Literature Cited”)

On a separate sheet, list the articles or books that you have cited in your proposal.

Generally this is done in alphabetical order by the last name of the author.

However, each field has different format requirements.

Rohit Shankar Mane, Ankala Basappa Vedamurthy. (2020). Physiology of Endophytic Aspergillus nomius Isolated from Aloe vera Western Ghats of Karnataka India. Asian Journal of applied Sciences. 13(1): 32–39.


As with any scholarly research paper [1], you must cite the sources you used in composing your proposal (1). Although the words ‘references and bibliography’ are different, they are used interchangeably. It refers to all references cited in the research proposal [Mane et al., 2020].

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